Have you been accused of a serious crime? If you have been arrested or are under investigation for an offense that can be charged as a federal crime, you need to contact our Birmingham, AL federal lawyers as soon as possible.
Our criminal defense lawyers at Alabama Criminal Lawyers can represent you throughout the entire criminal court process, from the beginning of an investigation through appeals.
To be charged with a federal crime, a federal court must have jurisdiction over the matter. Many crimes are perpetrated by someone within a state against another person in that same state. Matters like theft, robbery, or illegal possession of a gun are typically charged at the state level because federal courts do not have jurisdiction.
However, criminal conduct may be illegal under both state and federal law. When states and federal courts have jurisdiction over the matter, there may be prosecutorial discretion in what you are charged with and by whom—the state or federal district attorney.
Often, if you can be charged at the federal level, you will. That is because federal penalties are typically harsher than state sentences. Prosecutors will often pursue the harshest charges and penalties possible.
Some of the common reasons to be charged at the federal level include:
If you are under investigation or have been arrested by federal authorities, or your case may be prosecuted in federal court, contact a federal criminal defense attorney as soon as possible.
Contact Alabama Criminal Lawyers today to speak with a:
Federal drug crimes are punished harshly and have mandatory minimum prison sentences if you are found with certain amounts of certain controlled substances.
Whether you are accused of drug possession, manufacturing, or trafficking, contact us right away. Our Birmingham, AL federal lawyers will thoroughly investigate the allegations against you and vigorously defend you in court.
Any type of federal weapons charge needs to be taken seriously.
We are here to help if you are charged with unlawful possession of a firearm or other deadly weapon; illegally obtaining a weapons permit; firearms trafficking; a violent offense involving a firearm or other deadly weapon; or carrying or using a firearm in relation to drug trafficking.
Under federal law, you can be charged with conspiracy to commit a crime if you and at least one other person agree to commit a crime, and at least one of the co-conspirators performs an overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy.
Let us defend you when you are charged as a co-conspirator. There are many possible defenses against this charge, including lack of agreement and withdrawal from the conspiracy.
It is illegal to perpetrate a crime on the basis of another person’s race, color, disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender or gender identity, or ethnicity.
If you are charged with any type of hate crime under federal law, contact a federal attorney as quickly as possible to discuss how to best defend yourself.
To be charged with a federal felony crime, a prosecutor must seek a federal indictment from a federal grand jury in Alabama. For lesser offenses, prosecutors can begin a criminal case with a complaint.
Prosecutors may also file a criminal complaint if they need to obtain an arrest warrant quickly. However, for felonies, they must convene a grand jury to move forward with a case following the arrest.
For some matters, a grand jury is convened following an investigation. If you are indicted, then you will be arrested, or your federal criminal lawyer may negotiate for you to turn yourself in. Or, you may be arrested first after a magistrate finds there is probable cause to issue an arrest warrant.
For a felony offense, the prosecutor must convene a grand jury following the arrest.
A grand jury is a group of 16 to 23 members of the community. During the proceedings, which are not open to the public, the prosecutor puts forth evidence of the alleged offense. You do not get the opportunity to defend yourself at this time.
The jurors decide whether there is probable cause that you committed the crime. If enough jurors agree there is probable cause, then they return a “true bill” signed by the grand jury’s foreperson.
A federal charge means your case will go through the federal court system and you will face penalties under federal law. State criminal charges are controlled by Alabama law. Your case will go through Alabama’s criminal court system, and your penalty will be based on Alabama sentencing guidelines. The Alabama and federal criminal courts are two separate systems.
If you are indicted by a federal grand jury, it means your case will move forward in federal court. This indictment means a jury believed there was reasonable cause to charge you with violating a federal law. A federal district attorney will represent the federal government in pursuing a conviction.
There are several ways in which activities with controlled substances can be charged as a federal crime instead of an Alabama crime. Drug crimes will often be charged under federal law if they include large quantities of drugs, if the activity crossed state or national borders, if the activity took place on federal property, or if the crime was investigated by a federal agency.
Yes, if you are accused of identity theft, you can face federal charges. Whether you will be charged with a federal or Alabama offense depends on the specific facts of your case.
A weapons offense can be charged as a federal crime if you violated federal law, your criminal activity crossed state or national borders, if the offense occurred on federal property, or if you were investigated by a federal agency.